School Education is important segment of the educational delivery system considerably contributing to the development scenario in the State. While elementary education provides the basis that’s reinforced at the secondary tier, the plus two constitutes a core component where the teeming thousands of young boys and girls fan out into different career choices and options.

In the recent years, School Education has recorded an unprecedented thrust, particularly in the elementary segment. The SSA has come as a boon, as it were, unleashing a series of initiatives seeking universal enrolment and retention, reduction of social, regional and gender gaps, mainstreaming of the children with special needs and promotion of quality parameters. Some indices of some milestones are: -

Over 1.50 Lakh Teachers covered under elementary teacher training.
126 CAL (Computer Aided Learning) Centers set up in the Upper Primary Schools.
13000 disabled children provided medical aid and assistive devices.
2760 Primary Schools upgraded to Upper Primary level.
3542 new Primary Schools established.
2953 EGS centers being upgraded to upper Primary Schools.
69 Block Resource centers (for teachers supports) constructed and 34 under construction.
351 Cluster Resource constructed and 219 under construction.
“Hole in the wall” project started for computer literacy and 29 learning stations (for the purpose) established.
5% decline in the dropout rate in the 6-14 age group.
Free textbooks provided (each year) to students of 1st to 8th.
1540 Primary School buildings constructed and 1830 under construction.
160 Upper Primary School buildings constructed and 412 under construction.
2504 additional classrooms constructed (and 2580 under construction) for Elementary Schools.
302 Model Cluster Schools introduced under NPEGEL.
Seasonal Centers at various Bahaks (highland pasture’s) established for the children of migratory population.
NRBC centers established for out-of- school children (drop out or never enrolled).
Mid-day meal scheme extended to Middle Schools.
Remedial teaching for slow learners.

         The total number of Educational institutions in the School Education Sector in Kashmir division is of the order of 11633, consisting of 2876 EGS Centers, 5547 Primary Schools, 2379 Middle Schools, 525 High Schools and 248 Higher Secondary Schools. 48779 teachers out of which 31761 are males and 17018 are females run these institutions. In addition, there are 2269 Private Schools out of which 1175 are primary Schools, 810 Middle Schools, 247 High Schools and 37 Higher Secondary Schools. These Private Schools are mostly located in urban areas.

          The total enrolment of student’s up to Higher Secondary level in Govt. Schools in the Kashmir valley is 10.03 lacs consisting of 5.29 lacs male students and 4.74 lacs female students. There has been an increase of 9.77% during 2006-07 in the enrolment of students as compared to the previous year.

During last five years(2002-03 to 2006-07) 277 Educational Institutions consisting of 161 Middle Schools & 116 High School have been upgraded as per below mentioned break-up:
S.No District No. of Institutions Upgraded to
Higher Secondary Schools High Schools
1 Srinagar 13 19
2 Budgam 17 26
3 Anantnag 40 65
4 Pulwama 24 36
5 Baramulla 31 49
6 Kupwara 8 16
7 Leh 10 9
8 Kargil 8 11
  Total 161 231
In addition to the above-mentioned upgraded Educational Institutions, 1422 Primary Schools have been upgraded during last five years while as 2011 new Primary schools have been opened under the Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan in Kashmir Division.
Three Joint Directors at the Divisional Level, one each for Secondary education, Elementary education and SSA, assist the Director of School Education. The Directorate has also one Personnel Officer, one Dy. Director (Planning) and one Accounts Officer.
At the district Level, there is a Chief Education Officer assisted by Dy. Chief Education Officer and District Education Planning officer. Besides Principals of Higher Secondary Schools, Zonal Education Officers, Headmasters of Secondary School are also directly under the control of Chief Education Officers.         
At Zonal Level, we have a Zonal Education Officer in each Zone who is responsible for Elementary Education. Zonal Education Planning Officer of the rank of Headmaster of High School assists zonal Education Officer. The Zonal Education Planning officer besides attending to the Headquarter, also assists ZEO in the matters related to Planning, Statistics and Inspection.